Business Strategy Chapter 4 Five Forces Analysis

(1) rivalry among current competitors,
(2) threat of new entrants,
      1. Entrant faces high sunk costs
          2. Incumbents have a competitive advantage.
          3. Entrant faces retaliation.
(3) substitutes and complements,
     1.  cross-price elasticity of a potential substitute
     2.  substantial switching costs between products
(4) power of suppliers, and
     1.  availability of reliable information on suppliers
     2.  well-known information on supplier prices
     3.  suppliers cannot easily segment the market and thus struggle to price-discriminate
(5) power of buyers.
But duopolies are far less competitive—and typically far more profitable—than the alternative of many firms competing. Two additional considerations include whether (1) the incentives to “fight” are low and (2) coordination between competitors is possible.
Coordination that helps reduce pressures to engage in aggressive price cutting may be possible between competitors. In the extreme, firms may explicitly coordinate pricing and/or output. OPEC is a moderately successful cartel of oil-producing nations that tries to control the price of oil. (reduce prod. increase price.)

Business Strategy Chapter 3 Environmental Analysis

 Environmental analysis (sometimes referred to as “environmental scanning”) is the analysis of factors in the larger competitive context that are currently affecting, or may in the future influence, the nature of competition within an industry.
Strategists should also pay attention to trends in the political and regulatory environment, as such factors can also impact a firm’s prospects in a substantial way.  Government regulation and other forms of market intervention can directly affect a firm’s operations and strategic options, and therefore should be carefully considered when formulating and implementing a firm’s strategy.
Many tacit influences that can arise from geographic differences, cultural trends, and social norms.
1.  Demographic trends
2.  Socio-cultural influences:
3.  Technological developments
4.  Macroeconomic impacts
5.  Political-legal pressures
6.  Global trade issues:

Business Strategy Chapter 2 Competitor Analysis

The remaining vendors may profit from their ventures but will likely make no more than their opportunity cost. This is what economists refer to as economic profit or economic rents. It differs from accounting profit in that it refers to profits in excess of the opportunity cost of capital.

Business Strategy Chapter 1 Strategy

An organization’s strategic goals, or objectives, refer to the organization’s mission, its unique purpose and scope. The strategic plan, sometimes called strategic intent, is how the organization tailors its offerings and develops and leverages internal resources and capabilities to accomplish strategic goals. Strategic actions are those tangible actions taken to operationalize the strategic plan in pursuit of the strategic goals of the business.
(1) an identification of the organization’s current competitive positioning and an assessment of the strengths and weaknesses of that position,
(2) a consideration of the pros and cons of a relatively small set of strategic actions to help improve that position, and
(3) the advancement of a set of recommendations based on this analysis.

How to visit Singapore

Two different people have asked me this question this week, so I thought I would write out my answer. My approach is slightly unorthodox, but here goes:
1. Go to the top of Marina Bay Sands hotel and get a view of the skyline, the harbor, and the Straits.  Watch the ships queuing.  This is one of my favorite views in the whole world.  Most of all I am struck by the contrast between what Singapore has achieved so quickly and also its continuing ultimate vulnerability; the view captures both of those.  If you can afford it, stay in the hotel and swim in the Infinity Pool.  That alone justifies dragging your body all the way to Singapore. Continue reading “How to visit Singapore”

Web Assembly and Go: A look to the future


When I look at modern web development I shudder; the ecosystem is so confusing for someone who has been out of touch as long as I have. Node, webpack, yarn, npm, frameworks, UMD, AMD, arghhh!

When Web Assembly(wasm) support landed in Go recently, I knew that the time was ripe for some experimentation.

I’ve decided that Web Assembly is the future of web development. It enables any language that can compile to wasm to be a “frontend” language.

Peter Navarro – Director of Trade and Industrial Policy The guy running Trump’s trade policy just wrote a seriously troubling op-ed in The Wall Street Journal

2 MOOCs on Coursera which he is teaching The Power of Microeconomics: Economic Principles in the Real World
The Power of Macroeconomics: Economic Principles in the Real World

Time is now 2018/06/21, and China and US is on the brink of a trade war.

Quote from the article, dated 2017/03/06:

Peter Navarro writes like a man ready to start a trade war.

Navarro’s views expressed in the article shouldn’t surprise many who’ve been following his career. The Economist called him a “China-bashing eccentric,” and much of the US economics community was surprised by his appointment to the White House.

But Navarro does fit with the Trumpian worldview that the US is a victim and that there is no win-win situation in international economic dealing.

”the best way to grow faster is by closing this deficit

He is also concerned that foreign countries will buy up the US’s military industrial complex:

At this point Navarro is hysterical, painting a picture of a US that is rapidly selling itself off bit by bit.

This not the country of Google and Exxon Mobil. It’s certainly not the country of Boeing and Lockheed Martin. This is a vision from a man who desperately fears a modern, globalized world and the change it brings with it.

The things Peter Navarro wants to fight against — the things that keep him up at night — are windmills, waving their blades at a paranoid mind. To charge them he wants to disrupt global supply chains and put up tariffs; he wants to bully the US’s way into new markets and upset our trading partners. This is no way to do trade policy.

But Navarro and his team seem on a reckless mission to try.

Alternatives to Google Products – The Complete List



Bold indicates products I am using.

Google search – Searx, Qwant, Metager, DuckDuckGo, StartPage

Gmail – Mailfence, Tutanota,, Protonmail

Chrome – Firefox, Tor, Brave

Google Drive – TeamDrive, Tresorit, Nextcloud

Youtube – Vimeo, Dailymotion, Bitchute, Hooktube

Google Analytics – Matomo, Fathom, Clicky

Google Maps – OpenStreetMap, Here We Go,

Google Play – F-Droid, Yalp Store

Google Calendar – Etar, aCalendar


Hey Wuyuansheng,

I saw your article “Alternatives to Google Products – The Complete List” on Wuyuansheng (linked here:, and I thought your privacy-conscious readers will be delighted to learn about Qwant, the encrypted search engine that emphasizes user privacy.

The French National Assembly announced to the world in late 2018 that Qwant has displaced Google as their default search engine. While Google is still the undisputed king of search engines, private search engines are on the rise with DuckDuckGo leading the way, chalking up 30 million searches a day. Find out what information Google collects about you and why more people are turning to encrypted search engines that do not keep logs:

If you’ve learned a thing or two, it’d be great if you could link it from your blog post mentioned above. Otherwise, I’d be more than happy to contribute a unique guest post tailored to your audience. Let me know how we could make that happen.

Best regards,

M. Cadelina @ Techwarn

How to Find Your Earliest Users

Source :

1. market place
2. naturally grown audience
3. cold emails, outbound sales
4. SEO ‘optimization’
5. product hunt, reddit, hackernews
6. lifetime deals
7. slack
8. facebook, angel list, beta list
9. twitter, instagram, linkedin
10. ads
11. Blind, Quora, other QA sites.
12. press coverage